The primary objectives of May Thurner syndrome (MTS) treatments are to alleviate symptoms and reduce further complications. Most of the treatments associated to MTS are more focused on treating the deep vein thrombosis that’s related to vein compression. Below are the most common treatment options for MTS:
- Anticoagulant Medication – To prevent further formation of blood clots in patients exhibiting DVT symptoms, doctors may prescribe Anticoagulants or blood-thinners.
- Catheter-Directed Thrombolytic Therapy – This treatment uses thrombolytics for dissolving blood clots. The thrombolytics is normally administered through a catheter that will be inserted in the portion of the vein where the blood clot is present. Typically, the clot will dissolve in a few hours or several days. In more severe cases, angioplasty will also be performed to prevent the formation of more blood clots.
- Angioplasty With or Without Stenting – Once the blood clot is dissolved, angioplasty may be used to open up the blocked vein. During the angioplasty procedure, a small balloon lodged at the catheter’s tip will be inflated to open the vein and boost blood flow. A stent may be used afterwards to make sure the vein remains open. The balloon will then be deflated and discarded, while the stent stays in position permanently.
- Vena Cava Filters – This treatment option is normally used for those unable to take blood-thinning medications or for those who take blood thinners but still develop blood clots. During this surgical procedure, a filter will be inserted via catheter into a neck or groin vein and into the biggest vein in your body, the vena cava. Its main job is to catch blood clots before they go into your lungs can cause pulmonary embolism. But, take note that this won’t prevent the formation of more blood clots.
In general, the treatment outcomes for May Thurner Syndrome are positive. A complete resolution of symptoms is possible for patients who undergo treatment as soon as they are diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis.